In case you have just purchased a new subwoofer and you don’t know much about the available options for the enclosure. You could have researched and known about sealed, ported or bandpass subwoofer enclosures. Keep reading to know the effectiveness and effects of each one of them.
The sealed enclosure is quite small in the three enclosures. These are best for small cars or sports cars. This sealed enclosure also has its pros and cons. Sealed enclosures are perfect because they do not use up much trunk space. These produce accurate bass but do not have the boom effect, unlike the rest. Since the sealed enclosure is airtight, that is the reason there is no boom effect as no air escapes the box interior. This restriction requires a subwoofer and a powerful amplifier combination. A sealed enclosure is not advisable for those handling high wattage.
Since the ported or vented enclosure is large it needs more space. If you are not concerned for space then ported enclosures can be your solution. The ported design is determined by the vent to enable air to move freely. Sound is also channeled from the interior to the enclosure rear. There’s a boom effect from the ported enclosures but no accuracy in the bass response. Ported enclosures do not need much power coming from the system as the airtight box allows the subwoofer to move freely meaning every sound can be heard.
The largest is the bandpass enclosure. It has a two-port design and two main chambers. The subwoofer is placed in the first chamber, and the other one is used for vibration. Its boom effect is good quality, but its bass is also not accurate. Much of your trunk space will be used up by the bandpass enclosure. They consume very little power, unlike the sealed enclosure. You should tightly install your bandpass enclosure because any loose fits will rattle and be heard on the bandpass setup.
When making your selection for your subwoofer box make sure you purchase the correct MDF and not plastic or poor quality plywood. High-quality MDF ensures that your enclosure boxes do not rattle and withstand high temperatures. For external appearance you can get either the vinyl finish or a carpet exterior. The vinyl finish is not hard to clean while the carpet exterior prevents the enclosure box from scratches and dents. There are times when a person can think of having more than one subwoofer in a single box. This is dependent on the money availability and space.